The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has adopted a national water resources management policy, a water supply & sanitation strategy and a water sector development program. A national water supply master plan has also been put in place.
GOVERNMENT FINANCED PROJECTS
WORLD BANK ASSISTED PROJECTS
The program has become effective on Nov. 21/2004. The project is planned to build the capacity of stakeholders and in the process approximately 5500 rural water supply schemes in at least 250 woredas will be constructed serving about 3700 communities approximately corresponding to 2 million people. In addition to this, about 50 town water supplies will be improved serving approximately 1 million people. The duration of the project is 5 years up to 2010 and the total project cost is 116 million US dollar. The IDA share is 100 million USD out of which 75 million USD is loan & 25 million USD is grant. The government contribution is 16 million USD.
The project has three components:
Rural Water Supply & Sanitation
Urban Water Supply & Sanitation
The Ministry of Water Resources, WRDF and the Regional Water Bureaus will build the capacity of public and private sector professionals to support implementation of the program. In addition to this, the MoWR will coordinate the capacity building for program management, RWSS and UWSS including through the establishment and facilitation of practitioners specialist group. A stepped approach is to be employed for both urban and rural water supply and sanitation to allow each community to move at its own pace and receive further assistance when prepared.
In the program support, funding is provided to the MoWR to build the capacity of the Regional water Bureaus and the federal ministry. The ministry of water resources will be responsible for over all coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the program, facilitation of capacity building and policy formulation. The Regional water bureaus will be responsible for program planning, management and over all coordination at the Regional level. Woredas and town water boards will be responsible for planning and monitoring their water supply schemes. WRDF will be responsible for lending program for urban WSS sub project.